Travel and vacation are two close words that seem to mean the same thing, but they are not. While they both refer to visiting a new place, a certain aspect of the visit is what makes them different. The difference does not imply that either one of the two is better than the other since the value of the visit is subjective.
Traveling is a form of touring a new place to experience life in the travel destination. A traveler gets to experience food, culture, and generally the way of life of his destination. Travelers often stay at a specific location for a longer time compared to a person on a vacation which is a main significant contrast between these two forms of touring. Staying at a place for long requires one to spend money economically within a budget while on vacation, much money is spent within a short time. Traveling is a fun activity that needs a huge effort as a traveler does the work of exploring a new place. Travelers are often involved in projects that require them to interact with local communities in a deeper sense.
Vacationing is touring a place intended to unwind, loosen up, and generally to have a good time. Most vacations are done in resorts that are occupied by other tourists who are also there for a similar reason. This activity does not require work as all you do is sleep, swim, watch movies, enjoy special cuisines among other passive activities that do not need effort unlike traveling where you do all the work of adventure that only leaves you exhausted. The activity is usually carried out for a short time because they are expensive, unlike traveling which takes a longer time. With a vacation, a visitor stands to gain a biased opinion of the local area because they often visit only nice places away from some realities of the area. Vacation allows little interaction with the local community as it only makes tourists interact with themselves.
Precisely, traveling is more of getting to know the area you visit on a deeper level by watching and learning from communities. It is this interaction that makes you experience life as a resident of the region by assimilation. Vacation makes you have a good time away from your normal routine. It gives you a break from a busy or stressful life to relax, take it easy, and enjoy life.